What is genre?

Examples of genre –

Some examples of genre are romance, rom-coms, horror, thriller, comedy, fantasy, crime, western and film noir are the most well-known genres, however most film and genres come together and become a sub-genre that has a mix of most of the well-known genres to make a sub-genre. Most filmmakers use sub-genres so they can include parts of other film genres. Most films use one particular genre, but depending on the content of the story it will most likely include other genres into that one genre.

Genre expectations

Every film, or TV programme has genre which is why they all have genre expectations and that includes every single genre created. These expectations are made depending on the particular genre, as well as the target audience. The filmmakers and directors have huge expectations on what they are bringing out. So that the audience can tell what genre it is by little details like mise en scene and the use of props, clothing, characters and lighting can make it easier for the different crowds and audience to understand the full story of the film. Examples of genre expectations for different genres such as thrillers being psychological yet having a plot twist and being realistic and still having a back-story to most of the main characters depending on the story and the characters in the thriller film. All thrillers, and other films mostly include sub-genre to them, so depending on what the film is; it can surprise you in addition to the audience’s reaction.

How to analyse genre expectations?

To analyse genre expectations since all genres of films are totally different depending on who directed the film, and which genre it fits the most in. Most films are based around one genre and sub-genres but to be able to analyse genre expectations, you need to find out what genre you have and what would be the common scene, and characters within that particular genre.

For example, film-noir is based on low lighting and tons of props and clothing, however film-noir can include different sub-genres within that one genre such as having femme fatale’s being the powerful sensual yet elegant women in film-noir; it also features men being shy but very clever and still a little bit powerful and film-noir’s expectations are based on what kind of film noir film it is, therefore the expectation of it can change.

Film noir

History of film noir 

Film noir started in the late 40’s after world war 2 when there wasn’t a lot of access of lights, crews, and film equipment. Film noir started in France, after the French wanted to make an art form of film after the war by using stock of films, low light lighting, low budget locations but with big names in the late 40’s. Most of the film noir films were based about german expressionism, and how everyone felt during the time after war ended. However, film noir’s didn’t just include powerful, yet shy men through-out most of film noir films; they were mostly about crime and violence, and depending on the film noir storyline, and type of genre it was. They included tons of expressionism, low budget lighting, smoke, shadows, powerful femme fatales that allured men to dangerous situations that either made them fall in love, or something dangerous could happen.

Film noir then developed into the 50’s when all the filmmakers started getting involved with creating movies of art, and it’s still popular today for many filmmakers in the modern age making films out of film rolls.

Background for two film noir films 

1946 – The Killers

The Killers was a neglected film noir film directed by Robert Siodmak which was an intense film about robbery, unrequited love and betrayal. The film starts with two unknown characters Burt Lancaster and Ava Gardner who plays the femme fatale that leads him into romance, and thrill. The film starts with a prologue that was very unusual for filmmakers to be doing, unless it was a screenplay based off a novel. The film starts with Hemingway’s short story about two hit men seeking a doomed man in town.

The film was made with not a lot of lighting budget, but they did what every film noir filmmaker would do and feature huge stars in Hollywood to feature in a classic crime film. The most interesting thing about this film’s story line is that it included 1o flashback’s about one of the hit men. The Killers was made in 1946, but it ended up being an un-rated yet still one of the best classic femme fatale film noir shorts.

1955 – The Big Combo

The big combo is a film noir film directed by Joseph H. Lewis and the plot and storyline of this film noir classic is about a love triangle between the character Mr. Brown,  his girlfriend in the story called Susan Lowell and Leonard Diamond and of course, a policemen who gets allured by his obsession with Susan, as well as being able to bring Mr Brown to justice.

What makes a film noir film; film noir?

  • Small low budget lights
  • Better film – meaning more content and story telling through-out every film noir.
  • German expressionism
  • Studio system
  • Dark nature (femme fatales, crime, romance and violence)
  • Breaking the norms (sex, awareness of crime, women being in power)
  • Shadows, and a lot of smoke for emphasis.

Harvard referencing –

Filmmaker IQ (11/5/13)  available at –  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_i2CsU2ldQA

accessed on 29/09/16)

Filmsite (no date) available at – http://www.filmsite.org/killers4.html

accessed on 29/09/16)

IMBD (no date) available at – http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0047878/

accessed on 29/09/16)

FNFOTW (film noir films of the week) – (24/10/) avaliable at – http://www.noiroftheweek.com/2005/10/big-combo-1955-10242005.html?q=the+big+combo accessed on 29/09/16)