This week, we learnt about different ways of story telling and how there is different techniques to telling a story through film.

What is narrative? 

Narrative in film, as well as general narrative is how you tell a story through a sequence of events. A narrative also tells the audience about the characters, what era it’s based in, and how the story is going to continue. The narrative can be told in third person, first person and second person depending on the storyline.

Closed Narrative

A closed narrative is used most commonly used in TV productions such as Sherlock which has a narrative such as stories within certain era’s and genres that includes the beginning, middle and end. Having a closed narrative keeps

Open Narrative

Open narrative’s feature a lot of characters within that particular tv show for example Eastenders and Hollyoaks, where they feature people that are being in realistic forms of stories. These open narratives have no forseeable endings, and some of them even end of cliffhangers. Open narrative is more featured in soaps because of how they don’t ever have an ending like a film, and the series or tv show is based on real life moments.

Things that are featured in open narrative media:

  • No sense of ending (cliffhangers that are used in novels)
  • Many more characters featured
  • More than one storyline
  • Time is more chronicle
  • Different knowledge of characters for the audience to understand.

Narrative flow chart

The narrative flow chart is how the story flows within the film such as the beginning, leading to climax into the story or it being something bad or good that leads to the end. However, since loads of filmmakers have different styles of how they want to create the story narrative to their audience, the narrative flow is completely different for different films and genres.

Storytelling –

Realist –

A realistic narrative is a storyline being told in a realistic manner meaning that it has an absence and more of a style of story that is linked to life, as well as stories that are real and realistic. These narratives tend to be realistic because of the way they are created and how the characters reject society’s norms. Realistic storytellers always have a certain pattern to how they narrate the story, and they prefer life like plots.

The key features to realistic narratives:

  • They are structured as timelines with certain objects like ‘cycles’ for the use of time passing which links to the circle of life. As well as time passing by, and characters developing throughout the film.
  • Rites of passage such as birth, childhood, teenagehood, adulthood, love and death.
  • Surprising scenes may be at the middle of the storyline.

Examples of realistic narratives are like the film 500 days of Summer! (2009)

Another example is Stuck In Love! (2013)

Non realistic 

A non realistic narrative flow is a narrative that has been not realistically filmed, and has many characters that aren’t very realistic in general or they can include human and non human characteristics such as the doctor from doctor who. Another example of a non realistic narrative would be like Shaun The Dead or The Walking Dead. Non realistic films, and narratives included a lot of special effects and after effects which is why they fit within being non realistic.


Non Linear 

Multi Strand

Single Strand

Different ways of telling the story : Techniques

Voice over 

Voice overs are the most powerful techniques that are used within filmmaking


Wes Anderson Films (stills from Moonrise Kingdom)




Wes Anderson – The Grand Budapest Hotel (2014)

Pros and Cons of the different techniques:



Understanding Film (no date) Avaliable at: (Accessed on 11th of October 2016)

Single Tech (2013) (Accessed on 11th of October 2016)

Single Camera Production (2013) (Accessed on 11th of October 2016)

Frictional Games (no date) Avaliable at: (Accessed on 11th of October 2016)

Prezi (no date) Available at:…/open-closed-multi-strand-linear-and-non-linear-narratives/ (Accessed on 12/10/16)

Bangers and Mash (Aug 22 2014) Available at: (Accessed on 12/10/16)

Arstechnica Available at: (Accessed on 12/10/16)


(Accessed on 12/10/16)