This week we learnt about more jobs in the industry such as cinematographers and cameraman. We also learnt that to become a part of these certain creative jobs, it is not as easy as you may think; so I’m going to research about how to become a camera man and cinematographer; and different ways cameraman’s use different types of filming methods. I’m also going to research about the auteur theory, which comes in with directors and filmmakers.

How to become a camera man

To become a camera man it is not a easy job, but if you have done it all your life it does become easier in time. However, there is other paths to become a cameraman if you already know how media works, and you are finding a different path such as working with cameras. Then there is courses such as film production at university for example:

University of Plymouth http://www.port.ac.uk/courses/film-media-and-performing-arts/ba-hons-film-production/

Birmingham City University http://www.bcu.ac.uk/courses/film-production-technology-bsc-hons-2017-18?utm_source=googleads&utm_campaign=cebeug&utm_medium=text_ad&utm_content=film_prod_tech_ad1

At University studying film production, you will learn more detail about how film production works in films, tv shows and broadcasts. They’ll also teach you different techniques and skills such as narrative, composition, film theory and camera testing etc.

There’s also 2 year courses such as BA Filmmaking Courses for example: https://www.metfilmschool.ac.uk/courses/ba-hons-practical-filmmaking-two-years-b/?gclid=CjwKEAjw7ZHABRCTr_DV4_ejvgQSJACr-YcwH66dYvLXfTbRP3mc2KimGOeVRkxqWRJmtdhUnYXcyxoCvx3w_wcB

For two years, it’s considered a diploma since it doesn’t go on for 3 years like a degree.

To find media related internships they are quite hard to find but if you want to do an internship within the media you have the find the right place and location.

If it’s too hard to find here’s an example of how you can find the right media internship:

http://creativeaccess.org.uk/interns/being-an-intern

To write up:

Camera operator and camera assistant jobs

Cinematographer / Cameraman

A cinematographer is the director of photography who controls the artistic direction, as well as the photographic aspects of the film behind the lens. The cinematographer is the person in the team that makes sure that the mood, frames and the lighting is consistent throughout the film, so they can tell the story with the use of different moods and frames fit together with the storyline.

An example of a cinematographer is Autumn Durald:

“Autumn is an American cinematographer” who has done cinematography for the film Palo Alto (2013), as well as music videos, commercials and other films such as Macho (2009). She’s also done work for Gia Coppola who is a film director who directed Palo Alto that features James Franco and Emma Roberts, and you can see her work here: http://www.autumndurald.com/#/798817030644/

 

Auteur theory

An auteur is another French term that has been used in French new wave films, and is a theory that has been researched by many filmmakers. This theory is used to make films as an art form, and using them like reading a book or painting a blank canvas with unique personalities intertwined within the different film auteurs.

What are some examples of the auteur theory methods

To become a film auteur: 

  • You must be technically confident
  • Show personal style through your films
  • Be able to tell stories convey interior meaning.

To become a modern auteur like Wes Anderson, and Quentin Tarantino. You must be able to show techniques through-out your films you create. For example camera movements, casts, era they are set in, colour imagery and use of the same techniques through-out the films you create. To give an example, Anderson uses the same use of his film techniques and directing skills to all of his films. He uses angles such as: tracking shots, tilts, quick pans, slow motion, symmetrical framing, rostrum camera, mise- en scene and long takes which is a huge range of different techniques he always shows in his films.

The wonderful thing about Wes Anderson being a film auteur is that everytime you watch one of his films he’s created is that he uses the same cast, same techniques and the same team which is why all of his films have his constant unique style through-out his movies.

References:

Indie Wire (2015) Available at:  http://www.indiewire.com/2015/02/8-more-female-cinematographers-you-should-know-about-64811/ (Accessed on 18/10/16)

No Film School (2015) Available at: http://nofilmschool.com/2015/03/5-female-director-photography-role-cinematographer (Accessed on 18/10/16)

No Film School (2015) Available at: http://nofilmschool.com/2015/03/5-female-director-photography-role-cinematographer (Accessed on 18/10/16)

Dummies (no date) Available at: http://www.dummies.com/art-center/performing-arts/filmmaking/how-film-shots-frame-the-action-in-film-making/ (Accessed on 18/10/16)

No Film School (2015) Available at: http://nofilmschool.com/2015/03/first-final-frames-famous-films-teach-good-filmmaking (Accessed on 18/10/16)

Autumn Durald (no date) Available at: http://www.autumndurald.com/#/798817030644/

Autumn Durald (no date) Available at: http://www.autumndurald.com/

Wiki (no date) Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Autumn_Durald  (Accessed on 17th of October 2016)

Indie Wire (2014) Available at: http://www.indiewire.com/2014/11/8-female-cinematographers-you-should-know-about-68389/ (Accessed on 17th of October 2016)

BBC News (2011) Available at: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/entertainment-arts-12540386 (Accessed on 17th of October 2016)

No Film School ( 2014) http://www.google.co.uk/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=8&ved=0ahUKEwjqseyM8OHPAhVBDMAKHYvZBc8QFghBMAc&url=http%3A%2F%2Fnofilmschool.com%2F2014%2F07%2Fwhat-does-it-mean-to-be-cinematographer-video&usg=AFQjCNGnfcp3QphDpXL62SBMuIN1Pia3Rg&sig2=582E_D_BcLIv4tyM8ZAFdg&bvm=bv.135974163,d.d24

Bartiib (2013) Available at: http://bartiib.blogspot.co.uk/2013/02/tarantino-and-auteur-theory.html#!/2013/02/tarantino-and-auteur-theory.html (Accessed on 17th of October 2016)

Creative Skills Set  (no date) Available at: http://creativeskillset.org/job_roles/3073_camera_operator (Accessed on 17th of October 2016)

The Guardian (12th March 2013) Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/money/2013/mar/12/how-become-tv-cameraman (Accessed on 12th of October 2016)

New Wave Film (no date) Available at: http://www.newwavefilm.com/about/camera-stylo-astruc.shtml (Accessed on 12th of October 2016)

Maine Media Course (no date) Available at http://www.mainemedia.edu/college/certificate-collaborative-filmmaking?gclid=CjwKEAjwhILABRDwo8mlqt6ug38SJACNSq_kOoM77nTpK2w-K60XC_Aa55SwjFVIOROSzeFROSUT8BoCcDvw_wcB (Accessed on 12th of October 2016)

Bibliography:

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