This week, we are focusing on audio skills and how they can useful within production and how if filming with the right microphone in a certain area can really help with post and pre-production. We recapped on different microphones for different types of filmmaking, and were given examples so, we could figure out what microphone would most suit that location and what microphones used for interviews.

SOUND WAVES –

Sound waves are a frequency that are transferred through vibrations that can travel through solids.

Amplitude – How loud the frequency of sound is

Types of waves –

Transverse

Longitude

Sound waves are measured in Hz

WHAT MIRCOPHONES CAN BE USED FOR:

Recording voices for different situations –

Interviews –

Music recording –

Foley –

EXAMPLE TASK:

Office – For recording an interview in an office, out of experience since I’ve been interviewed by filmmakers for research. I would use a lapel microphone as you can connect it to a camera, while recording as well as using an additional mic to plug the lead into so the audio gets sent both ways. This worked for the space we were in, and would work for the example shown. However, this worked for the research filmmakers as they used an expensive lapel mic and had it plugged straight into the camera. From the experience of the interview, they took us to the side of the office where it was less loud even when people were talking, the audio picked up clearly.

Example B – For a big flat opened space room, the problems within this room would mean that echoes would be created, and sounds can be picked up differently which could cause issues to the sound you want to be recorded,

MICROPHONES:

Zoom

The zoom mic

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Zoom Mic (2016)

Lapel

lapel-mic

Yowcha (2016)

 

Dynamic

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                                            Pro Audio Systems (no date)

 

 

 

Condenser

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Condenser microphones are sensitive and responsive compared to dynamic microphones as they aren’t ideal for loud volumes of sound.

 

 

OUR FIRST TASK:

Record in each location using each microphone

In the recording state the type of microphone being used and location

Make notes if there are sounds around you

Conduct an interview in 4 different locations:

SECOND TASK:

You will need to use the most suitable microphone and use the same locations as yesterday. The video, will then need to synced with the audio. As well, as using a clapper board to help you sync the audio with the video footage.

You will need to conduct interviews using audio and external audio.

Exterior – Medium close up, long shot

Interior – Medium close up, long shot

Interior – Medium close up, long shot

notes:

make sure everything is ready

record before giving it to the person you are recording

record and record audio at the same time

Entire task audio and video here –

REFLECTION:

What are the potential problems of the task?

How can you get the sounds that you need for the task?

What are the best tools for this task?

What were the solutions and what could you improve next time?

INTERVIEW QUESTIONS –

Why did you decide to study film and TV Canterbury college?

What have you learnt from your course?

What are you waiting on at the moment?

DIFFERENT MICS IN DIFFERENT LOCATIONS –

First of all, we had to get into groups of 4 and pick different locations using 3 different microphones that we chose and then we had to create the interview as well as analysing the location before starting the interview, so we would know the sound would pick up.

We went to 4 locations to record the audio without the visuals, and then we went to record both. We got given a referencing location to help us analyse the location, as well as what microphone we are going to use. The two references were exterior and interior, this helped us with choosing locations as well as what type of microphones we would want to use to create an interview for both tasks.

ANALYSIS OF BOTH TASKS:

FIRST TASK OF AUDIO –

For the first task it was the same as the second task without the visuals, so we had to find 4 locations even if they included ambience but without the visuals and still creating a small interview based on the example questions. We chose the lapel, condenser and the shot gun mic as our group as quite small and the people in our group had similar voice tones which made it easier to record the audio. We also used the zoom mic so, we could transfer the audio to the audio recorder.

The sound we got for the first task was really clear, although some parts of the audio recording you can still hear the ambience in the background. However, since you can hear the ambience in the background it can sometimes be distracting for the audience listening.

SECOND TASK OF THE AUDIO AND VIDEO TASK –

For the second task we had to do the same concept but record the audio at the same time as recording the visuals, so that the audio and video can be synced together for the final video. We went into open, and closed locations inside the college and the sound still managed to stay clear with a little bit of ambience noises in the background which wasn’t bad.

We used the same microphones as the first task as we already experienced using and recording with the different microphones. However, with my video edit the files that I got sent weren’t compatible with my MAC which is what I edit on, so I had to use Carla’s edited files which is annoying, so next time we do a practical I will bring my laptop and my hardrive incase we are editing so I can do my own version.  The sounds and vocals we picked up were good quality and clear, but since you can hear ambience in the background of footsteps and people from 2 stairs up where we were recording.

Here’s the edits: 

ANALYSIS OF THE LOCATIONS WE USED: 

Interior – Near the drama and tv studio

Interior – Stairs near the beauty department

Exterior –

OVERALL REFLECTION OF BOTH TASKS:

For both tasks, I found them really interesting as audio is something really important for what I want to create at the moment so it has made it really helpful as well as interesting to compare different microphones and different locations and which ones are best suited to use in that location or for that person for e.g if they have a quiet voice. Overall, I would love to learn more about audio and more microphones for interviews as it’s something I’m really interested in, and I would love to learn more.

However, in some of the locations there was some ambience so if I could do it again, I would pick quieter locations where people are still walking but you cant hear them in the background.

 

For the tasks, we had to go into groups of 4 with 4 different microphones in indoor and outdoor locations

Audio will be here: – For first task

audio-task-1

Reflection of the audio:

Audio and Video for the second task –

REFRENCES:

DSLRguide, (7th May 2014), Audio Tips for Filmmaking, Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TJ3sS5si1vw, (Accessed: 30th January 2017)

http://www.mediacollege.com/audio/microphones/condenser.html

http://www.homestudiocorner.com/condenser-mic-on-vocals/

 

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